Aviation is said to responsible for between 2 and 3% of total global human-induced carbon emissions with airports producing approximately 2% of this amount, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
The IPCC has called for a net-zero economy by 2050 and identified a need for the aviation industry at large to continue the momentum of global collaboration and develop more ambitious CO2 reduction goals to meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement.
Luis Felipe de Oliveira, Director-General of Airports Council International (ACI) World, said over the last 40 years, the aviation industry has invested billions in research and development which has resulted in measures and practices which have made significant progress in reducing its environmental impact.
According to Luis Felipe de Oliveira while review his one year as the Director-General of ACI World , while this work has been effective – ACI member airports have decreased emissions over the last 10 years despite significant traffic growth in that time – aviation’s share of global emissions is expected to increase as it will continue to grow, and other sectors decarbonize, so more must be done.
A common, credible, and ambitious carbon goal for airports is a positive driving force in the aviation sector as it continues to pursue a sustainable recovery. The time has come, however, for a bold commitment on climate change: a long-term carbon goal that will guide airports towards net zero emissions.
With the support from the consultants ICF and Airbiz, and from Hong Kong International Airport, Oman Airport, the Schiphol Group, San Francisco International Airport, Seattle Tacoma International Airport, Vancouver Airport, the Greater Toronto Airports Authority, Exolum, Terpel and the World Fuel Services – we have created an ambitious long-term carbon goal to drive further action and support the decarbonization efforts of airports as they respond to climate change.
ACI member airports at a global level commit to reach net-zero carbon emission by 2050 and urge governments to provide the necessary support in this endeavor. This Net Zero goal is focused on carbon emissions under the direct control of airport operators which are members of ACI. Not all emissions, for example, emissions from aircraft operations, are under the direct control of the airports. Still, airports are encouraged to go beyond the scope of this goal and work with their airline and commercial partners to influence and address the common goal to reduce aviation’s carbon footprint.
But airports cannot do this alone. If we are to realize this ambitious target, we must work closely the wider aviation community and count on the support of governments and key stakeholders to address, minimize, and mitigate the environmental impacts of continued aviation growth.
The roadmap to net zero
It is clear that airports can play an integral part in the solution to climate change but ACI World recognizes that each airport, country, and region is different.
The long-term carbon goal is ambitious and aspirational and intended to be adopted by individual airports in accordance with local conditions and with the support of local governments.
Indeed, the steps to net-zero carbon emissions will require common policies and collaboration with industry, government and other stakeholders. The greatest source of airport operators’ carbon emissions, for instance, is purchased electricity generated off-site. Consequently, the carbon intensity reduction of the electricity grid is not something upon which they can make a unilateral decision
But airports are already increasingly looking beyond their boundaries to reduce passengers’ environmental footprint as an investment in infrastructure and increased collaboration between airports, aircraft operators, and other stakeholders is essential to achieve more carbon reduction.
We will support airports in developing a voluntary Airports Action Plan to guide them in taking action and gather relevant information and knowledge, including identifying where capacity building and support are necessary. This will also help inform on the progress and achievements of the sector towards the goal and will be used to reassess the feasibility of the goal and any adaptations required.
As they continue down this path and in working with their partners, airports should communicate, especially to governments and the public, the heightened focus and future aspirations on climate action and decarbonization, share their success, and bring their communities along with them.
This will reinforce the benefits of decarbonization and set out the concrete measures being taken to promote an open and inclusive low carbon future to which all airports can aspire.
Supporting members in pursuit of net zero
ACI is right behind member airports as they work to reach this net-zero future. For more than 10 years, ACI’s Airport Carbon Accreditation has been the only institutionally endorsed, global carbon management certification programme for airports. It independently assesses and recognises the efforts of airports to manage and reduce their carbon emissions.
We also created Airport Carbon Emission Reporting Tool v.5.1 (ACERT) which enables any airport to measure and manage their CO2 emissions and the Airport Ground Energy Systems Simulator (AGES-S) which enables airports to quantify the environmental and economic benefits of reducing the use of aircraft auxiliary power units by replacing them with a ground-based energy system.
Both of these tools help members create business cases for investment in such energy-saving infrastructure.
Coupled with this, ACI’s Global Training programmes cover areas including CO2 reduction, Airport Energy Management and other key environmental areas that are at the forefront of airport management, and we have also explored a new strand of our Airport Excellence – or APEX – programme dedicated to helping airports share best practice and knowledge in the specific area of environmental management.
We will continue to adapt and improve our assistance to members to reflect developments in this area and to accompany our members on this critical path.
Climate action is crucial to global recovery and delivery of aviation benefits
This effort is crucial to the global economic recovery from the impact and effects of COVID-19.
Aviation is one of the main drivers behind globalization, driving the development of the modern world. The industry’s global economic impact – direct, indirect, induced, and catalytic – contributes trillions to world gross domestic product, supports millions of jobs globally, and fosters sustainable development.
The network of airlines, airports and air traffic management organizations link major cities and communities around the world 24 hours a day. Before the pandemic, our industry transported more than 9.1 billion passengers annually, making it the only rapid worldwide transportation network essential for global business and tourism, and plays a vital role in facilitating global economic and social prosperity, particularly in developing countries.
Furthermore, some 60% of direct aviation jobs are at airports, and to ensure that aviation can continue to provide the economic and social benefits to the communities we serve, and be a leader of the global economic recovery from the pandemic, we need to reset to a more sustainable model and show that we are taking real action on climate change.
This is a global effort – climate change remains the greatest challenge facing the world – and we are proud to play our part.